Geographic Location Lingayen occupies the northwestern portion of the vast central plain of Pangasinan. An 11.5 kilometers coastline facing the Lingayen Gulf bounds the municipality on the north, the town of Labrador across the Agno River on the west, the nipa-rich town of Bugallon across the Agno River on the southwest, the sprawing rice plains of San Carlos City on the south and the fast-progressing Municipality of Binmaley on the east (see Location Map). The distance of Lingayen from identified growth centers in the province are 14.5 kilometers from Dagupan City and 37 kilometers from Alaminos via Domalandan. It is 196 kilometers from Manila via Camiling, Tarlac and 226 kilometers from Manila via Urdaneta, assuming that both routes pass the new north Expressway.
Existing Land Use The total land and water area of the municipality is 13,285.57 hectares with 6,183.03 hectares of land and 7,102.54 hectares of water bodies including the delineated 15km of the Lingayen Gulf. In this total, residential land covers 1,619.57 hectares, commercial land is 41.91 hectares, the industrial area is 0.47 hectares, the agro-industrial area is 9.90 hectares, the institutional land is 113.39 hectares, the tourism area covers 50.63 hectares, Utilities & Transportation Services covers 228.66 hectares, Agricultural area covers 3,748.16 hectares, Parks and Recreation covers 9.67 hectares, Buffer or Greenbelt Zone measures 81.25 hectares, and open spaces measures a total of 256.70 hectares.